Special Issue: Multidisciplinary Research Teams: Psychologists Helping
to Solve Real-World Problems
Special Issue Editors: Robert W. Proctor, Kim-Phuong L. Vu, and Elizabeth A. Klonoff
271 How Psychologists Help Solve Real-World Problems in Multidisciplinary Research Teams:
Introduction to the Special Issue
Robert W. Proctor and Kim-Phuong L. Vu
Multidisciplinary research combines methods and theories from different disciplines to solve societal
problems. This introduction to the special issue highlights that psychologists have many skills that position
them for making major contributions on multidisciplinary teams. The guest editors summarize key findings
from the articles in the special issue.
Team Training, Competition, and Collaboration
278 Teams of Psychologists Helping Teams: The Evolution of the Science of Team Training
Tiffany M. Bisbey, Denise L. Reyes, Allison M. Traylor, and Eduardo Salas
This article highlights the salient role of multidisciplinary collaboration in the success of team training, an
area driven by psychologists responding to real-world problems. The authors provide a historical account of
scholarly progress and the critical turning points that shaped the science, culminating in a collection of
lessons learned from the research and practice of team training.
290 From Discipline-Centered Rivalries to Solution-Centered Science: Producing Better Probability
Estimates for Policy Makers
Barbara A. Mellers and Philip E. Tetlock
Policy makers need intelligence analysts to tell them the likelihoods of geopolitical events. The Intelligence
Advanced Research Projects Activity (IARPA) conducted a four-year tournament in which five university-based teams competed to develop the most accurate predictions. The authors’ team pitted psychological
survey techniques (i.e., prediction polls) against economic prediction markets in a head-to-head race. This
article tells the story of what happened.
301 A Multidisciplinary Understanding of Polarization
Jiin Jung, Patrick Grim, Daniel J. Singer, Aaron Bramson, William J. Berger, Bennett Holman,
and Karen Kovaka
Like other social phenomena, polarization cannot be understood at a single level of explanation. Social
systems are complex, and multiple factors interact at different levels. The authors’ multidisciplinary research
team integrates theories and methods from four disciplines—social psychology, political science, social
philosophy/epistemology, and complex systems science—to develop a fuller understanding of polarization.
The authors describe team dynamics, challenges, major findings, and lessons learned.
Journal of the American Psychological Association
On the cover: Mill Creek Pine, 1978, by Joanne S.
Scott. Watercolor on paper, 15 inches by 15 inches.
Courtesy of the artist, https://www.joannesscott.com/. See
p. 407 for more about Scott and her art.
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